عضو هیات علمی موسسه مطالعات و پژوهشهای بازرگانی
عنوان مقاله [English]
This article evaluates Iran’s LPI and its six components/indicators for biennial periods from 2007 to 2018 and introduces some recommendations for its improvement. In comparison to other countries, Iran’s LPI for biennial periods of the last decade (2007-2018) has been generally unfavorable. However, although it has been falling from 2007 to 2012, it has significantly been rising from 2012 to 2018. With the LPI rated from 1 (worst) to 5 (best) and the LPI scores categorized into four ascending categories of logistics-unfriendly, partial performers, consistent performers, and logistics-friendly, Iran with its LPI average score of 2.6 (out of 5) during 2010-2018 falls under the partial performers category (low- and middle-income countries with similar constraints). Hence, a small decrease in Iran’s LPI score may relegate it to the logistics-unfriendly category (countries with the worst LPI score or least developed countries). In this context, the four indicators with great negative effect on Iran’s LPI have been “ease of arranging competitively priced shipments”, “ability to track and trace consignments”, “frequency with which shipments reach consignees within scheduled or expected delivery times” and “efficiency of customs and border management clearance”. In contrast, the two indicators reinforcing Iran’s LPI have been “competence and quality of logistics services” and “quality of trade and transport infrastructure”. In fact, with these very levels of the latter two indicators, an appropriate re-allocation of the former four indicators may improve Iran’s LPI status.