الگوی مفهومی عملکرد اتحادهای استراتژیک با رویکرد مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری (مورد مطالعه: صنعت نفت)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت بازرگانی و گمرک، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت بازرگانی- تجارت الکترونیک دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

تشکیل اتحادهای استراتژیک یکی از مهم ترین استراتژی های بنگاه‌ها در صنعت نفت و صنایع وابسته آن می باشد. از این رو ارزیابی عملکرد آنها نیز یکی از مهمترین عرصه‌های مطالعاتی به شمار می‌رود. به همین منظور در این تحقیق الگوی عملکرد اتحادهای استراتژیک با درنظر گرفتن تاثیرات تنوع اتحاد ارایه شده است. 113 پرسشنامه در میان بنگاه‌های مشارکت‌کننده در اتحادهای استراتژیک صنعت نفت، گاز و پتروشیمی توزیع شد که 73 پرسشنامه قابل استفاده برگشت داده شد. پایایی متغیرهای مکنون همگی در بازه قابل قبول قرار دارد. برای آزمون مدل نیز از روش کمترین مربعات جزیی و نرم افزار Smart PLS-Graph نسخه 2.0 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که تجربه اتحاد بر قابلیت مدیریت اتحاد و عملکرد اتحاد اثر مثبتی دارد. همچنین تاثیر قابلیت مدیریت اتحاد بر مزیت رقابتی و عملکرد تایید شد. اثر مزیت رقابتی بر عملکرد نیز تایید شد. اما اثر تنوع بر عملکرد اتحاد رد شد. تفکیک آثار نشان داد که تجربه اتحاد تاثیر بسزایی در عملکرد اتحادها دارد.

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